As we promised, we lay out the second part of the material, in which we analyze the most risky assets, and also explain why it is worth working with them very carefully.
Bonds are, roughly speaking, an IOU, receiving which, you have the right to pay the amount borrowed from you, and interest, the amount of which is clearly stipulated by the contract. The issuer of bonds are both the state and private legal entities and it is with the latter that most problems arise.
The fact is that in addition to large reliable companies, there are many enterprises with much lower turnover, which are quite risky to invest in, but such a risk is as if leveled by large percentages. Competent investors often either ignore such "promising" transactions, or approach their conclusion extremely responsibly, studying a ton of insider and open information, assuming all possible options, assuming all possible options, as well as weighing all the risks. This, of course, is the right position, because no sane person will lend to someone who will not return this money, no matter what golden mountains he promises.
PAMM accounts and little-known funds
The second extremely risky investment is investing in PAMM accounts and little-known funds, which recently, against the background of the growing popularity of the topic of investing among the population, a huge number has been formed.
The difference between PAMM accounts and funds is that in the first case you simply tie your capital to the investor's capital and invest proportionally in the same assets, and in the case of funds, you simply transfer your finances to management. And yet, both methods of investing are somewhat different, you will earn only depending on whether you get a competent investor or not. So, to determine this, the most basic, feature is extremely difficult, especially given that today there are quite a lot of "promising" investors with the promise of "super profits" and fake good ratings and reviews.
In addition, even an excellent rating of a fund or investor on a reputable resource will not necessarily mean its reliability. So, quite popular is the scheme of creating several pamm accounts or funds with investment in the opposite predicted results of the fluctuation in the price of the asset. It works something like this - you buy shares from one account and hold them, and from the second on the contrary - you play on the decline. If the value of securities has not risen and fallen - you do not lose anything, if it has changed, then congratulations, one of the accounts went bankrupt, and the second paid off doubly.
Thanks to this scheme, only one out of 10 funds can remain, but it will have a wonderful rating, and in an absolutely honest way, because no one knows about the other 9 accounts.
In this and previous articles, we looked at the most popular risky assets that any investor has faced or will face. We do not in any case declare that you will not be able to earn on them, but we remind you that a competent investor is not the person who puts everything on zero and breaks the jackpot, but the one who, using all his analytical abilities and knowledge, earns constantly and steadily.